Berceuse op. 16
Editor: Dominik Rahmer
Fingering and bowing for Violin: Frank Peter Zimmermann
Urtext Edition, paperbound
with marked and unmarked string parts
Pages: 20 (V, 7, 4, 4)
Order no. HN 1101 · ISMN M-2018-1101-7
Level of difficulty (Violin): medium (Level 4)
Alongside weighty chamber music works such as piano quartets and violin sonatas, Gabriel Fauré also wrote several charming miniatures for violin and piano. Among these is his Berceuse op. 16 in D major, which fast became one of his best-known pieces following its first performance in 1880; countless arrangements were published. Its melodic subject matter and colourful writing for the piano are reminiscent of Fauré’s Violin Sonata No. 1 in A major, which he had composed shortly before. This Urtext edition is the first edition to make use of the autograph sketches of the original version for violin, as well as of the manuscript of Fauré’s own orchestration.
The levels of difficulty of the
music for violin published by G. Henle Publishers
The levels of difficulty of the violin music published by G. Henle Publishers
|1||easy||Beethoven, 6 German Dances WoO 42
|2||Beethoven, Rondo G major WoO 41
|3||Mozart, Violin Sonata F major KV 547
|4||medium||Haydn, Violin Concerto A major Hob. VIIa:3
|5||Bach, Violin Concerto a minor BWV 1041
|6||Brahms, Violin Sonata G major op. 78
|7||difficult||Paganini, No. 9 from Capricci op. 1
|8||Beethoven, Violin Concerto D major op. 61
|9||Berg, Violin Concerto
I have assigned all of the violin music in G. Henle Publishers' catalogue a level of difficulty, ranging from "very easy" to "very difficult". The model for this was the evaluation system with nine levels developed for Henle's piano catalogue by Rolf Koenen. Unlike the works for solo piano, I have decided against evaluations that lie between two levels (e.g. 4/5 or 7/8).
This kind of attempt will always be "relative" to some degree. While the work remains the work, what is relative is the technical and musical ability of the player. Let us take a look at Mozart, for example, from the perspective of an Arthur Grumiaux and from that of a very young pupil. It is clear to whom my levels of difficulty are addressed: to the pupils or their teacher. I have, of course, always endeavoured to objectively assess the purely technical level of difficulty. But everything "between the lines" is, of course, left up to the judgement of each individual musician. Depending on our abilities, we perceive the "difficulty" of a work for violin differently, yet with the same conviction.
At the start, categorizing violin literature into levels of difficulty from 1 to 9 seemed to carry a certain risk as well as being unknown territory, yet I have now gained a deep insight into all of the works for violin in G. Henle Publishers' catalogue.
Ernst Schliephake © 2013