Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus
Piano Sonata F major K. 332 (300k)
FIRST MOVEMENT The Sonata in F major has a first movement in three-four meter, like K 280 in the same key. The cantabile opening measures are followed by an unusually long answering phrase containing a wealth of melodic ideas, many of which are reminiscent of Haydn (m. 13 ff.). This movement is not a text-book example of sonata form, though the main characteristics – the threefold division into exposition, development and recapitulation, as well as the broad outlines of the key scheme – are present. However, there is a stormy passage in D minor and a modulation to C minor before the entry of the second subject in the regular key of C major. There are also many other details which demonstrate Mozart’s freedom in handling the sonata form, such as the hemiola rhythm in measures 64 65 and the new thematic material introduced at the beginning of the development.
SECOND MOVEMENT The Adagio movement in B-flat major displays Mozart’s skill in varying repeats, and typifies his practice of enriching the ornamentation when preparing a composition for publication. Embellishments, previously probably “improvised”, now became standard when the work was published with the written-out enriched ornamentation.
THIRD MOVEMENT The last movement is a rollicking virtuoso Allegro assai movement in six-eight meter, making higher technical demands on the performer than most of Beethoven’s sonatas. It proves that Mozart must have been the best pianist of his time.
Paul and Eva Badura-Skoda
Suggested viewing on YouTube: Ingrid Haebler
Audio example: Maria João Pires
Deutsche Grammophon 028947752004GB6