Alexander Zemlinsky is mainly known for his operas and orchestral songs with their opulent late Romantic orchestration. His earlier, inspired hit, the Trio for Clarinet op. 3, written in 1896, owes a great deal to his first important role model Johannes Brahms as far as inflection and instrumentation are concerned. And it was none other than Brahms himself who enthusiastically recommended the trio to his publisher Simrock, following the first performance in Vienna. As the autograph has disappeared, our edition follows the musical text in the first edition. It underwent careful examination and was cleared of numerous, partly blatant engraver’s errors. Alongside the piano score, our edition comprises a part for clarinet in B flat/A, an authentic alternative part for violin as well as a cello part.
Read more about this edition in the Henle Blog.
- Trio for Piano, Clarinet (Violin) and Violoncello d minor op. 3
After a phase of relative obscurity, Alexander Zemlinsky (1871 – 1942) is today again recognised as an important early 20th-century composer who, above all with his operas and large symphonic works, explored new areas of expression in the late-Romantic musical language. However, his first formative influence, as for many young Viennese composers around 1890, was Johannes … more
About the composer
One of the most important conductors and composers of opera in the first third of the twentieth century, who attained the recognition he deserved only in the 1970s.
|1871||Born in Vienna on October 14. Piano instruction beginning at age 4.|
|1884–92||Education at the Conservatory of the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde (Society of Friends of Music) in Vienna. Early chamber music in the style of Brahms.|
|1895/96||Founder and director of the amateur orchestra “Polyhymnia,” where he meets Schönberg; beginning of their friendship, though he does not pursue the path to atonality and later criticizes Schönberg’s twelve-tone technique.|
|1900–03||Principal conductor at the Carltheater in Vienna.|
|from 1903||Instructor at the Schwarzwald school, where he teaches Berg, Horwitz, Jalowetz, E. Stein, and Webern.|
|1904–06||Composition of the opera “Der Traumgörge” (“Görge the Dreamer”).|
|1904–11||Music director of the Vienna Volksoper.|
|1907||Conductor at the Vienna Court Opera.|
|1910||Premiere in Vienna of his opera “Kleider machen Leute” (“Clothes Make the Man”).|
|1911–27||Kapellmeister at the German Theater in Prague. Engaged as instructor at the German Academy for Music and Fine Arts, as rector after 1920. Composition of the String Quartet No. 2; the Lyric Symphony, Op. 18 (1922/23); the “Six Maeterlinck Songs,” Op. 13 (1910/1913); and the Wilde operas “Eine florentinische Tragödie” (“A Florentine Tragedy,” premiere 1917) and “Der Zwerg” (“The Dwarf,” premiere 1922).|
|1927–30||First Kapellmeister at the Berlin Kroll Opera under Klemperer. Engaged as instructor at the Academy of Arts (choral class).|
|1933||Premiere in Zurich of the opera “Der Kreidekreis” (“The Chalk Circle”). Return to Vienna because of the Nazi regime.|
|1934||Songs, Op. 22, on poems by Morgenstern and Goethe. Political circumstances prevent his engagements; contracts previously signed are nullified on account of his Jewish heritage.|
|1935–38||Composition of the opera “Der König Kandaules” (“King Kandaules”), which remained unfinished (premiere in 1996, completed by A. Beaumont).|
|1938||Emigration to the United States.|
|1942||Death in New York on March 15.|
About the authors
Dominik Rahmer hat überzeugende Lösungen gefunden und allein, dass nach über 100 Jahren dieses im Konzertleben zu selten gespielte Trio von Alexander Zemlinsky von Fehlern bereinigt und in einer sehr gut lesbaren Klavierpartitur und entsprechendem Stimmenmaterial zur Verfügung steht, ist äußerst verdienstvoll.
Henle en publie une édition Urtext due à Dominik Rahmer, travail particulièrement précieux car l`unique édition d`origine était remplie d`erreurs.
Considerando la vetustà e le evidenti imprecisioni e incoerenze della prima edizione Simrock, come anche l`assenza del manoscritto originale, l`edizione Henle si pone oggi quale punto di riferimento per una conoscenza critica del lavoro in questione.
Wie von Henle-Ausgaben bekannt erfreut auch diese Ausgabe durch das vorausschauende Druckbild der Seiten in puncto gefahrenfreies Blättern (ausklappbare Seiten) sowie angenehme Lesbarkeit (nicht zu dichter Satz) mit einem hohen Spielkomfort. (...) Eine interpretenorientierte Ausgabe, mit der sowohl gut geprobt als auch gut konzentriert werden kann.
This is yet another fine edition from G. Henle Verlag.