For whom did Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach write his solo sonata? The addressee of the sonata is frequently thought to be the King Friedrich II of Prussia. Yet Bach would not have made music that was exclusively intended for the king available for all. And the Sonata for flute solo was published twice in the 1760s. The riddle is not to be solved. Today the three-movement work is one of the solo pieces that all flautists have to have played once – it is truly regal music. The flautist Karl Kaiser has contributed informed comments on performance practice.
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Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714–88) wrote his Sonata in A minor for flute solo Wq 132 in Berlin in 1747 (cf. Verzeichniß des musikalischen Nachlasses des verstorbenen Capellmeisters Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Hamburg, 1790, p. 51); the composer had been employed in a permanent position as chamber harpsichordist of King Friedrich II in Berlin since 1741. Bach seems to have … more
About the composer
Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach
He is primarily famous for his music for keyboard instruments and is regarded as the most important composer of sonatas (approximately 150) in the mid eighteenth century. His self-image as a composer is in line with the aesthetic of the genius. His musical idiom is characterized by a “speaking” disposition and by moments of surprise.
|1714||Born in Weimar on March 8; second surviving son from Johann Sebastian Bach’s first marriage. Musical education from his father; attends the Lutheran Latin school in Köthen, the St. Thomas School in Leipzig. Participates in the Collegium Musicum.|
|1731||Law studies in Leipzig.|
|1734–38||Continuation of law studies in Frankfurt an der Oder. Occasional compositions.|
|1740–68||Harpsichordist in Berlin at the court of Frederick II.|
|1741||Symphony in G major (Wq 173), his first.|
|1742–44||“Prussian” and “Württemberg” Sonatas.|
|1753||Treatise: “Essay on the True Art of Playing Keyboard Instruments” (First part; second part in 1762)|
|1758||Publication of “Professor Gellert’s Sacred Odes and Songs” (Second collection in 1764)|
|1760||Publication of “Six Sonatas for Keyboard with Varied Reprises.”|
|1768||He succeeds Telemann as music director and cantor at the Johanneum Latin school in Hamburg. Composes liturgical music (cantatas) as well as instrumental works (symphonies, concerti, chamber music), large vocal works (Passion settings and oratorios), and occasional compositions for the city’s musical establishment. Organizes “Bach’s Private Concerts.”|
|1775||Oratorio “Die Israeliten in der Wüste” (“The Israelites in the Desert”).|
|1779–87||Publication of “Clavier Sonatas and Free Fantasies along with Divers Rondos […] for Experts and Amateurs.”|
|1788||Dies in Hamburg on December 14.|
Essential and standard repertoire to be carefully studied, this is a rare solo sonata in three movements from the empfindsam style of the 18th century, a gem to be ultimately played by every flutist.
Die Neuausgabe des Henle Verlags glänzt mit Klappseite (...) sowie aufführungspraktischen Anmerkungen von Karl Kaiser. Selbstverständlich ergänzen Hinweise zur Quellenlage und Edition die wissenschaftlich-praktische Edition, die ein weiterer Edelstein unter den Urtext Editionen für Flöte des Henle Verlages ist.
La reproduction intégrale en fac-similé de l'édition originale de Berlin, parue en 1763, rehausse l'intérêt d'une édition irréprochable.