Composed at the end of a longer series of works between summer and autumn 1887, the violin sonata numbers among Strauss’ most popular chamber music compositions to this day. In the outer movements, its piano setting and modulations break the intimate mould of chamber music, alluding to the sensational first symphonic poems written at the same time. Between the first and last movements, both of which are also technically very demanding, the slow middle movement, “Improvisation”, offers a respite. A kind of song without words, it was also published as a single movement and enjoyed great popularity in the years around 1900 in household and salon concerts. Ulrich Krämer is responsible for editing this Urtext edition, Arabella Steinbacher kindly provided the markings for the violin part and Michael Korstick those for the piano part.
- 難易度 (解説)
Richard Strauss (1864–1949) was on the verge of his breakthrough as a composer when he wrote his only Violin Sonata in E flat major op. 18 between spring and early November 1887. At the time he was 23 years old, and third kapellmeister at the Munich Court Opera. As can be seen from the distribution of the drafts in the sketchbook that Strauss began in May 1886, the piece … 続き
One of the most important opera composers of the twentieth century. His oeuvre comprises fifteen operas, nine symphonic poems, instrumental concerti, and a large number of songs. His stage works are marked by their great variety of genre and subject matter.
|1864||Born in Munich on June 11, the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, principal horn player in the court orchestra. Receives instruction in piano, violin, and composition.|
|1885–86||Conductor at the Meiningen Court Orchestra, initially under the tutelage of Hans von Bülow.|
|1886||Music director at the Munich Court Theatre.|
|1887–1903||He increasingly devotes himself to the symphonic poem, including “Tod und Verklärung” (“Death and Transfiguration”) in C minor, Op. 24; “Till Eulenspiegels lustige Streiche” (“Till Eulenspiegel’s Merry Pranks”) in F major, Op. 28; “Also sprach Zarathustra,” Op. 30; “Symphonia Domestica” in F major for large orchestra, Op. 53.|
|1889–94||Music director in Weimar. First Kapellmeister in Munich in 1894, in Berlin at the Royal Court Opera from 1898–1910.|
|1905||Breakthrough with the premiere of “Salome,” Op. 54.|
|1906||Beginning of his collaboration with Hugo von Hofmannsthal on the harmonically progressive opera “Elektra,” Op. 58, premiered in Dresden in 1909.|
|1911||Sensational premiere in Dresden of “Der Rosenkavalier,” Op. 59, which refers back to operatic tradition and makes him the leading German opera composer. He decides to dedicate himself primarily to operas: “Ariadne auf Naxos,” Op. 60 (1912); “Intermezzo” Op. 72 (1924); “Die ägyptische Helena,” Op. 75 (1928); “Arabella,” Op. 79 (1933); “Die schweigsame Frau,” Op. 80 (1935); “Friedenstag,” Op. 81, and “Daphne,” Op. 82 (1938); “Die Liebe der Danae,” Op. 83 (1944).|
|1919||Director of the Vienna State Opera. Premiere there of “Die Frau ohne Schatten,” Op. 65.|
|1931||Collaboration with Stefan Zweig.|
|from 1944||Composition of his last works: Metamorphosen, for 23 solo strings, Oboe Concerto in D major, Four Last Songs.|
|1949||Death in Garmisch-Partenkirchen on September 8.|