“I am endlessly looking forward to the second sonata”, thus Clara wrote to Robert in 1838, “Your whole being is so clearly expressed in it.” Nonetheless in the same letter she encouraged him to revise the last movement, which provided the composition with a completely new finale. The first two movements were also reworked several times. The editor assiduously provides information on the complicated genesis of the work in this new edition. The musical text is not only followed by the original final movement, which is musically and pianistically very demanding, but also the model for the second movement: Schumann made an arrangement of one of his own songs (“In the autumn”) for the piano.
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According to its opus number, the Piano Sonata in g minor op. 22 is the last of Schumann’s pieces in this genre. Actually, however, the work was written nearly contemporaneously with opus 11 and prior to opus 14. The romantic composer explored the genre of the classical sonata several times from about 1831 to 1838. Besides the opera 11, 14 and 22, his sonata oeuvre also … 계속
Connected with his oeuvre is the term he coined, Poetic Music, with which he strove for a fusion of literature and music, a paradigm particularly seen in his lyric piano pieces prior to 1839. Thereafter he devoted himself to other genres (song, symphony, chamber music, among others).
|1810||Born in Zwickau on June 8, the son of a bookdealer.|
|from 1828||Studies law in Leipzig, piano with Friedrich Wieck. Decision to pursue a career in music.|
|1830–39||He exclusively composes piano works, mostly cycles, including “Papillons,” Op. 2 (1829–32); “Carnaval,” Op 9 (1834/35); “Davidsbündlertänze,” Op. 6 (1837); “Kinderszenen” (“Scenes from Childhood”), Op. 15 (1837/38); “Kreisleriana,” Op. 16 (1838); “Noveletten,” Op. 21 (1838).|
|1832||A paralysis of a finger in his right hand makes a career as a pianist impossible. Founding in 1833 of the fantasy brotherhood the “Davidsbund” (“League of David”).|
|1835–44||Editor of the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal of Music).|
|1840||Marriage to Clara Wieck; 138 songs, including the Eichendorff Liederkreis, Op. 39; the song cycle “Dichterliebe,” Op. 48|
|1841||Symphony No. 1 in B-flat major (“Spring” Symphony), Op. 38, and Symphony No. 4 in D minor, Op. 120.|
|1842||Three string quartets, Op. 41; further chamber music.|
|1843||Teacher of composition at the Leipzig Conservatory. Oratorio “Paradise and the Peri,” Op. 50.|
|1845||He settles in Dresden. Journey to Russia.|
|1845||Piano Concerto in A minor, Op. 54, Symphony No. 2 in C major, Op. 61.|
|1850||City music director in Düsseldorf. Premiere in Leipzig of his opera “Genoveva,” Op. 81. Symphony in E-flat major (“Rhenish”), Op. 97; Cello Concerto in A minor, Op. 129.|
|1853||Beginning of his friendship with Brahms. Completion of the Scenes from Faust. Violin Concerto in D minor for Joseph Joachim.|
|1854||Suicide attempt and admission to the psychiatric institution in Endenich, near Bonn.|
|1856||Death in Endenich on July 29.|
Ernst Herttrich è il curatore di questa nuova edizione della Klaviersonate, pubblicata dalla tedesca Henle. … Clara… incorragiò Robert a rivedere l’ultimo movimento, da lei giudicato inutilmente complesso, sia per la tecnica (esecutore) sia per la musicalità (pubblico). Schumann fu drastico: cambiò tutto il finale. In Appendice al volume è riportato il tempo conclusivo originale. Di seguito, è presente anche il modello del secondo movimento: un lied dello stesso Robert, intitolato In autunno. Piena soddisfazione anche per i più curiosi.