Franck wrote almost all of his important works in his later years. This almost 20-minute-long cycle from 1884 is his best-known piano composition and is often played on concert platforms to this day. Although Franck himself was a very proficient pianist, his musical roots are in organ music, which also supplied the inspiration for his piano output.
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César Franck (1822–1890) wrote practically all of his significant works toward the end of his life. Alongside the Piano Quintet (1879), the Violin Sonata (1886), the d-minor Symphony (1886– 1888), the String Quartet (1889) and the three great organ chorales (1890) we also find his best-known work for piano, Prélude, Choral et Fugue (1884). Three years later Franck … 계속
Famous organist and composer who exerted a lasting influence on French music of the fin-de-siècle both through his works and especially as a teacher.
|1822||Born in Liège on December 10.|
|1831||Instruction in piano, organ, and composition at the Royal Conservatory of Liège.|
|1835||First stay in Paris, lessons with Reicha, among others.|
|1837–42||Studies at the Conservatoire de Paris.|
|1839–42||“3 Trios concertants,” Op. 1, in the first of which he employs the cyclic technique typical both of his later works and of French symphonic music of the 1880s.|
|1843||Concert tour through Belgium and Germany.|
|1845||Premiere of his oratorio “Ruth.”|
|1847||He becomes organist at Notre-Dame-de-Lorette|
|1852–70||He teaches at various institutions.|
|from 1857||Organist at Sainte-Clotilde, location of one of the famous Cavaillé Coll organs. Composition of sacred works; 1856–65, “6 Pièces” for organ.|
|1861||Member of the Société académique de musique sacrée (Academic Sacred Music Society).|
|1869–79||Composes oratorio “Les Béatitudes.”|
|1871||Founding member of the Société nationale de musique.|
|1872||Teaches an organ class at the Conservatoire. Among his most famous pupils are Duparc, Chausson, and d’Indy, whose Course in Musical Composition (1906) is based on Franck’s compositional and formal principles.|
|1881–88||Genesis of the symphonic poems “Le Chasseur maudit” (“The Accursed Huntsman”), “Les Djinns,” “Psyché.”|
|1878||Premiere of his “3 Pièces pour le Grand Orgue” in the monumental style.|
|1886||Violin Sonata in A major; president of the Société nationale de musique.|
|1886–88||Symphony in D minor, one of the most formative works of French symphonic music of the age.|
|1890||Death in Paris on November 8.|
|1894||Posthumous premiere in Monte Carlo of his opera “Hulda.”|
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