Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Flute Concerto no. 2 D major K. 314

András Adorján (Editor)

Siegfried Petrenz (Piano reduction)

Robert D. Levin (Cadenzas)


Urtext Edition, Piano reduction, paperbound

Pages 49 (IV+28+17), Size 23,5 x 31,0 cm

Weight 219 g

HN 674 · ISMN 979-0-2018-0674-7

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  • Flute Concerto D major KV 314
  • Flute 8 difficult

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Preface

Although compositions for solo flute occupy no more than a modest place in Mozart’s voluminous œuvre, his flute concertos K. 313 and 314 figure among the most popular and significant works in their genre. The exact dates of composition for these pieces remain shrouded in obscurity. Recent research, especially that of Henrik Wiese (“Zur Entstehungsgeschichte der … more

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About the composer

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Mozart is one of the few composers to have produced masterpieces in all genres. On the concert tours he undertook in his early years (London, Mannheim, Italy, Paris) he gained many varied musical impressions that he assimilated in his youth and which formed the prerequisite for his later consummate musical language.

1756Born in Salzburg on January 27, the son of musician and later court composer Leopold Mozart. His early regimented musical education from his father began in 1761, first compositions at age five.
1763–66Extended concert tours through various German cities and to Paris, London, Amsterdam, Switzerland. He composes his first sonatas for violin and piano, K. 10–15, dedicated to Queen Charlotte, as well as the first symphonies from London, K. 16 and 19, which show the influence of the works of Johann Christian Bach and Karl Friedrich Abel (the three-movement Italian sinfonia form).
1767Premiere in Salzburg of the sacred light opera “Die Schuldigkeit des ersten Gebotes,” K. 35 (written with Michael Haydn and Anton C. Adlgasser), and the intermezzo “Apollo et Hyacinthus,” K. 38. Journeys with his father and sister to Vienna.
1768Probably the premiere in Vienna of his Singspiel “Bastien and Bastienne,” K. 50. Composition of his first masses.
1769Performance in Salzburg of the dramma giocoso “La finta semplice,” K. 51.
1769–71Two tours to Italy; he meets Farinelli, P. Nardini, and Padre Martini, among others, and, on the second trip, Hasse. Premieres in Milan of his opera seria “Mitridate, Re di Ponto” in 1770 and of the festa teatrale “Ascanio in Alba” in 1771. Composition of symphonies and his first string quartet (1770, K. 80).
1771Composition of the oratorio “La Betulia liberate,” K. 118, in Salzburg/Italy.
1772Premiere of the serenata drammatica “Il sogno di Scipione,” K. 126, for the accession of Salzburg Archbishop Hieronymus Count Colloredo. He receives an appointment as salaried concertmaster of the Salzburg Court Chapel (of which he had been an unpaid member since 1769). Third journey to Italy with his father, premiere in Milan of the dramma per musica “Lucio Silla,” with general success. The final trip to Italy spells the ends of his youthful phase of appropriation; he has tested out all important instrumental genres (symphony, sonata, string quartet) and all the main genres of opera (Singspiel, opera buffa, opera seria, festa teatrale).
from 1773Composition of string quartets (K. 168–173) under the influence of Haydn, and of symphonies, divertimenti, serenades. He increasingly devotes himself, contingent upon the duties of his post, to liturgical music; several masses are written. Begins to compose violin and piano concerti.
1775Premiere in Munich of the dramma giocoso “La finta giardiniera” and the serenata “Il Rè pastore.” Piano sonatas, K. 279–284.
1777He vacates his post temporarily to undertaken a promotional tour with his mother to Munich, Mannheim, and Paris.
1778Composition of the “Paris” Symphony in D major (K. 297). In Paris he experiences the quarrel between the proponents of Gluck and those of Piccinni. Publication of violin sonatas.
1779Resumes his duties in Salzburg, as court organist. Coronation Mass in C major.
1781Premiere in Munich of his tragédie lyrique “Idomeneo,” in which French and Italian elements are synthesized. Journey to Vienna. After his falling out with the Archbishop of Salzburg, he gives up his post, moves to Vienna, and earns his living as a free composer through concertizing and giving music lessons. His last great period of creativity begins.
1782He becomes acquainted with the works of Bach and Handel through Baron van Swieten; after this he arranges Bachian fugues and incorporates the “learned style” (fugues and counterpoint) into his works beside the “galant style” (e.g. in the String Quartet in G major, K. 387, in 1782; Piano Sonata in F major, K. 533, in 1786; the Jupiter Symphony, K. 551, in 1788; “Die Zauberflöte” (“The Magic Flute”), and the Requiem in D minor, K. 626, both in 1791). Premiere in Vienna of his Singspiel “Die Entführung aus dem Serail” (“The Abduction from the Seraglio”). Composition of the Haffner Symphony in D major, K. 385.
1783Mass in C minor, K. 427; Linz Symphony in C major, K. 425.
1784Hunt Quartet in B-flat major, K. 458.
1785Premiere in Vienna of the oratorio “Davide penitente,” K. 469. “Dissonance” Quartet in C major, K. 465.
1786Premiere of the comedy with music “Der Schauspieldirektor” (“The Impresario”), K. 486, which Salieri’s competing work “Prima la musica e poi le parole” (“First the Music and Then the Words”) bests. Premiere in Vienna of the opera buffa “Le nozze di Figaro” (“The Marriage of Figaro”), whose extended action-packed finales form a highpoint of opera buffa. Prague Symphony in D major, K. 504.
1787Serenade in G major (“Eine kleine Nachtmusik”), K. 525. He is named imperial and royal chamber composer. Premiere in Prague of the dramma giocoso “Il dissoluto punito ossia Il Don Giovanni,” a synthesis of serious and comic opera.
1788Composition of the large Symphonies in E-flat major, K. 543; G minor, K. 550; and C major (Jupiter Symphony), K. 551. Clarinet Quintet in A major, K. 581.
1790Premiere in Vienna of the dramma giocoso “Così fan tutte ossia La scuola degli amanti.”
1791Premiere in Prague of the opera seria “La clemenza di Tito” and in Vienna of the Singspiel “Die Zauberflöte.” Clarinet Concerto in A major, K. 622. The Requiem remains unfinished. Dies in Vienna on December 5.

© 2003, 2010 Philipp Reclam jun. GmbH & Co. KG, Stuttgart

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About the authors

András Adorján

András Adorján (Editor)

András Adorján was born in Budapest, grew up in Denmark  and has since 1974 been living in Munich. Dentist diploma in Copenhagen 1968. Flute studies with Aurèle Nicolet and Jean-Pierre Rampal. Laureat of international flute competitions and principal flutist of important european orchestras.

From 1987 professor in Cologne, since 1996 in Munich. With more than 100 recordings and as editor of a unique and extensive encyclopedia „Lexikon der Flöte“ he is today one of the most prominent flutists of his generation.

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Robert D. Levin

Robert D. Levin (Cadenzas)

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Les éditions Henle sortent une nouvelle collection comprenant les grandes pages de la musique concertante du répertoire avec la partie orchestrale réduite à un piano. ... Cette collection comporte les doigtés pour la partie soliste, une présentation claire (avec un effort particulier concernant les tournes) ainsi qu'une introduction trilingue.
[Ecouter voir]

Finalemente anche la grandi case dell'editoria musicale si stanno accorgendo dell'imprtanza del repertorio Flautistico, così anche la Henle Verlag, la grande casa editrice di Monaco, un punto di riferimento tra le edizioni cosí dette "Urtext", si è lanciata nel mondo del flauto. ... Poco c'è da dire sulla qualità dell'edizione che, come è abituale per la Verlag, è di altissima qualitsà, sia per la leggibilità della parte, la qual cosa non è assolutamente di secondaria importanza, sia per la cura dell'edizione critica che segue i più severi dettami di un'edizione critica: estrema attendibilità verso l'autografo e la prima edizione, ...
[FaLaUt]

Die Kadenzen und Eingänge von Robert D. Levin sind im Mozartstil geschrieben, Sprünge bzw. Anregungen zu einer eigenen Version sind gegeben. Das Notenbild ist sehr deutlich und übersichtlich.
[Flöte aktuell]

L'édition, comme toujours chez la firme Henle, est extrêmement soignée et d'une clarté exemplaire. ... Enfin, les cadences sont proposées par Robert Levin dans une conception didactique intéressante. Elles sont de dimensions un peu plus restreintes que les grandes cadences (Rampal, Marion, Taffanel ...) auxquelles nombre d'entre nous sont habitués, mais elles s'attachent surtout à mettre en valeur des sections typiques d'improvisation, instruisant ainsi l'interprète sur les cellules mélodiques et rythmiques à choisir et le traitement à leur apporter. Ces cadences – ou plutôt ces exemples de cadences – sont donc en quelque sorte "à géométrie variable". Il est possible de les construire ou simplement de s'en inspirer à sa guise. La démarche vaut la peine d'être soulignée et contribue à faire de ces éditions un matériel didactique de premier ordre.
[La Traversière]

Die Ausarbeitung der Klavierpartie durch Jan Philip Schulze (KV 315, 447) und Siegfried Petrenz (KV 219, 313, 314) geben die musikalische Substanz in wünschenswertem Maße wieder, ohne je überfüllt zu wirken oder gar pianistischer Selbstdarstellung zu frönen. ... Robert D. Levin gestaltet technisch anspruchsvolle und stilistisch einfühlsame Soloauftritte. Wer sich als Spieler nicht auf die eigene Improvisationsgabe verlassen will oder kann, der sollte sich getrost dieses Materials bedienen. ... Fazit: Diese "taubenblauen Urtexte" sollten den Weg auf viele Notenpulte finden!
[Acta Mozartiana]

Das Einzigartige dieser neuen Urtextausgabe liegt in den "Kadenzen und Eingängen" von Robert Levin, die durch ihre Variabilität Anregung zur Improvisation und eigener Komposition bieten.
[SMZ]

I like this Urtext edition of Mozart very much, and the main reason is that the piano reductions are playable and pianistic, unlike some other editions I have in my cupboard! But also the flute parts are cleanly and pleasingly presented. At the back there are some imaginative suggestions for cadenzas by Robert Levin, full of choices and possible cuts and combinations and "lead-ins" ... I would definitely recommend this edition for both teaching and performing - it is unfussy and refreshing.
[PAN Magazine]