The name Mahler is so closely associated with the symphony and Lied genres that it is little known how intensively he applied himself to chamber music during his studies. Of his numerous attempts in this field only one piano quartet composed between 1876 and 1878 has survived – and of this merely the first movement in its entirety. The latter was only rediscovered in the 1960s and first published in 1973. Even if Brahms is unmistakably his model, the quartet movement contains enough individual and also unconventional elements – such as the almost symphonic treatment of the piano – for us to incorporate it into our Urtext ranks. In addition, we have included an appendix “for study purposes” with Mahler’s fragmentary sketch for a further movement, a scherzo for the same instrumentation.
- Piano Quartet a minor
The Piano Quartet Movement in A minor presented here is the only surviving chamber work by Gustav Mahler (1860 – 1911). It dates from Mahler’s years at the Vienna Conservatory (1875 – 78), where Mahler initially studied with a major in piano and minors in harmony and composition. During this time, Mahler also composed other chamber music pieces, including similarly … more
About the composer
The oeuvre of this important Austrian composer and conductor is concentrated upon the genres of the art song and symphony as well as their interplay (vocal movements in Symphonies No. 2 through No. 4) and synthesis (Das Lied von der Erde). His manner of composition is marked by a fragmentation based on the disassociation of patterns and idioms. Through movement titles and (later withdrawn) programs, as well as his statements, his symphonies are regarded as ideological music.
|1860||Born in Kaliště (Bohemia) on July 7. Relocation to Jihlava (Iglau) that same year.|
|1875–78||Musical studies in Vienna.|
|1878–80||Cantata, “Das klagende Lied” (“The Song of Lamentation”).|
|1880–90||Songs with piano.|
|1880–91||Various conductorships in Bad Hall, Laibach (Ljubljana), Olmütz (Olomouc), Kassel, Prague, Leipzig, Budapest.|
|1884/85||”Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen“ (Songs of a Wayfarer), orchestrated in 1891–96.|
|1885–88||Symphony No. 1 with an instrumental adaptation of the second Wayfarer song.|
|1888–94||Symphony No. 2 (“Resurrection Symphony”).|
|1891||Chief conductor at the Stadttheater in Hamburg.|
|1892–1901||Orchestral songs, “Des Knaben Wunderhorn” (The Boy’s Magic Horn).|
|1895–96||Symphony No. 3 in D minor, arranged as a large-scale entelechy.|
|1899–1901||Symphony No. 4 in G major, with humorous elements.|
|1897–1907||Director of the Vienna Court Opera.|
|1901/1902||Rückert-Lieder with orchestral accompaniment.|
|1901–02||Symphony No. 5 in C-sharp minor, including the famous Adagietto.|
|1901–04||Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) with orchestra.|
|from 1903||Collaboration with Alfred Roller.|
|1903–10||Sixth to Tenth (unfinished) Symphonies.|
|1907–10||Engagement at the Metropolitan Opera, New York.|
|1908/09||“Das Lied von der Erde” (“The Song of the Earth”), a symphony of songs.|
|1911||Death in Vienna on May 18.|
About the authors
First published by Sikorski in 1973, this new, magnificently researched edition by Henle is most welcome and timely. The publication is of the very highest standard.
Mahlers einziges Kammermusikwerk hat Christoph Flamm für den Henle-Verlag neu ediert. Das frühe und lange unbekannt gebliebene Werk wurde 1973 erstveröffentlicht, ist aber bis heute eher selten zu hören. Dem könnte die Neuausgabe abhelfen, die allen Standards eines Qualitätsverlages vollauf genügt.
Die neue Henle-Ausgabe hat einige Irrtümer (...) bereinigt, zum Beispiel in Takt 96 den offensichtlich fehlenden Auflöser auf Zählzeit 3 (g!) in Klammern hinzugesetzt und die Takte 88/89 und 114/115 um fehlende Oktavierungen sinngemäß ergänzt. Vor allem aber ist das Partiturbild erheblich augenfreundlicher als in der alten Ausgabe, weil man 23 Seiten (...) aufwendet. Auch die Wendestellen liegen dadurch günstiger. (...) Notenbild, Stichnoten und Wendestellen der Streicherparts sind in der Henle-Ausgabe mustergültig ediert.