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Difficulty (Explanation)
Other titles of this difficulty
Violin Sonata A major
7 difficult

About the Composer

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César Franck

Famous organist and composer who exerted a lasting influence on French music of the fin-de-siècle both through his works and especially as a teacher.

1822Born in Liège on December 10.
1831Instruction in piano, organ, and composition at the Royal Conservatory of Liège.
1835First stay in Paris, lessons with Reicha, among others.
1837–42Studies at the Conservatoire de Paris.
1839–42“3 Trios concertants,” Op. 1, in the first of which he employs the cyclic technique typical both of his later works and of French symphonic music of the 1880s.
1843Concert tour through Belgium and Germany.
1845Premiere of his oratorio “Ruth.”
1847He becomes organist at Notre-Dame-de-Lorette
1852–70He teaches at various institutions.
from 1857Organist at Sainte-Clotilde, location of one of the famous Cavaillé Coll organs. Composition of sacred works; 1856–65, “6 Pièces” for organ.
1861Member of the Société académique de musique sacrée (Academic Sacred Music Society).
1869–79Composes oratorio “Les Béatitudes.”
1871Founding member of the Société nationale de musique.
1872Teaches an organ class at the Conservatoire. Among his most famous pupils are Duparc, Chausson, and d’Indy, whose Course in Musical Composition (1906) is based on Franck’s compositional and formal principles.
1881–88Genesis of the symphonic poems “Le Chasseur maudit” (“The Accursed Huntsman”), “Les Djinns,” “Psyché.”
1878Premiere of his “3 Pièces pour le Grand Orgue” in the monumental style.
1886Violin Sonata in A major; president of the Société nationale de musique.
1886–88Symphony in D minor, one of the most formative works of French symphonic music of the age.
1890Death in Paris on November 8.
1894Posthumous premiere in Monte Carlo of his opera “Hulda.”

© 2003, 2010 Philipp Reclam jun. GmbH & Co. KG, Stuttgart

About the Authors

Peter Jost (Editor)

Dr. Peter Jost, born in 1960 in Diefflen/Saar, read musicology, German and comparative studies at Saarland University in Saarbrücken. He did his PhD in 1988 with a thesis on Robert Schumann’s Waldszenen.

From November 1991 to April 2009 he was a research associate at the Richard Wagner Complete Edition in Munich, and since May 2009 has been an editor at G. Henle Publishers. His Urtext editions comprise predominantly French music of the 19th and 20th centuries, including works by Lalo, Saint-Saëns and Ravel.

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Klaus Schilde (Fingering)

Prof. Klaus Schilde, born in 1926, spent his childhood in Dresden. There he was greatly influenced by Walter Engel, who taught him the piano (Kodaly method), composition and violin. From 1946–1948 he studied at the music conservatory in Leipzig with Hugo Steurer. After moving to the west in 1952 he studied with Walter Gieseking and Edwin Fischer, as well as with Marguerite Long, Lucette Descaves and Nadia Boulanger in Paris.

Schilde won numerous prizes. From 1947 onwards he gave concerts as a soloist and chamber musician on almost every single continent with renowned orchestras. He taught at the music conservatories in East Berlin Detmold, West Berlin, Munich, Tokyo (Geidai) and Weimar. From 1988–1991 he was President of the Staatliche Hochschule für Musik und Theater in Munich, where he also taught for decades as a professor. There are numerous radio and television broadcasts with Klaus Schilde as well as CD recordings. Schilde has contributed fingerings to almost 100 Henle Urtext editions.

Prof. Klaus Schilde passed away on 10 December, 2020.

 

Yehudi Menuhin (Fingering and bowing for Violin)

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