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Difficulty (Explanation)
Other titles of this difficulty
Prélude, Aria et Final (A Madame Bordes-Pène)
8 difficult


César Franck (1822–1890) wrote the majority of his important works late in life. Among these is his final piece for piano, Prélude, Aria et Final, composed in 1887 and published in 1888 by Hamelle in Paris. The surviving sources include, besides the first edition (copy in the Bibliothèque nationale, Paris, Rés. Vma. 305), two autograph fair copies, one in the Bibliothèque ... more


About the Composer


César Franck

Famous organist and composer who exerted a lasting influence on French music of the fin-de-siècle both through his works and especially as a teacher.

1822Born in Liège on December 10.
1831Instruction in piano, organ, and composition at the Royal Conservatory of Liège.
1835First stay in Paris, lessons with Reicha, among others.
1837–42Studies at the Conservatoire de Paris.
1839–42“3 Trios concertants,” Op. 1, in the first of which he employs the cyclic technique typical both of his later works and of French symphonic music of the 1880s.
1843Concert tour through Belgium and Germany.
1845Premiere of his oratorio “Ruth.”
1847He becomes organist at Notre-Dame-de-Lorette
1852–70He teaches at various institutions.
from 1857Organist at Sainte-Clotilde, location of one of the famous Cavaillé Coll organs. Composition of sacred works; 1856–65, “6 Pièces” for organ.
1861Member of the Société académique de musique sacrée (Academic Sacred Music Society).
1869–79Composes oratorio “Les Béatitudes.”
1871Founding member of the Société nationale de musique.
1872Teaches an organ class at the Conservatoire. Among his most famous pupils are Duparc, Chausson, and d’Indy, whose Course in Musical Composition (1906) is based on Franck’s compositional and formal principles.
1881–88Genesis of the symphonic poems “Le Chasseur maudit” (“The Accursed Huntsman”), “Les Djinns,” “Psyché.”
1878Premiere of his “3 Pièces pour le Grand Orgue” in the monumental style.
1886Violin Sonata in A major; president of the Société nationale de musique.
1886–88Symphony in D minor, one of the most formative works of French symphonic music of the age.
1890Death in Paris on November 8.
1894Posthumous premiere in Monte Carlo of his opera “Hulda.”

© 2003, 2010 Philipp Reclam jun. GmbH & Co. KG, Stuttgart

About the Authors

Ernst-Günter Heinemann (Editor)

Dr. Ernst-Günter Heinemann, born in 1945 in Bad Marienberg (Westerwald), completed his schooling in Gießen and read musicology, philosophy and German in Marburg and Frankfurt/Main and also for some time Protestant church music. He did his doctorate on “Franz Liszts geistliche Musik. Zum Konflikt von Kunst und Engagement”.

From 1978–2010 Heinemann worked as an editor at G. Henle Publishers (in 1978 in Duisburg, from 1979 onwards in Munich). He edited a great many Urtext editions for the publishing house, including “Das Wohltemperierte Klavier”, Volume 1 by Bach and all of Debussy’s piano works. In addition, he wrote essays on Debussy, Grieg, Liszt, Mendelssohn and questions concerning general editing, as well as giving seminars on editorial practice for musicology students in Munich.


Klaus Schilde (Fingering)

Prof. Klaus Schilde, born in 1926, spent his childhood in Dresden. There he was greatly influenced by Walter Engel, who taught him the piano (Kodaly method), composition and violin. From 1946–1948 he studied at the music conservatory in Leipzig with Hugo Steurer. After moving to the west in 1952 he studied with Walter Gieseking and Edwin Fischer, as well as with Marguerite Long, Lucette Descaves and Nadia Boulanger in Paris.

Schilde won numerous prizes. From 1947 onwards he gave concerts as a soloist and chamber musician on almost every single continent with renowned orchestras. He taught at the music conservatories in East Berlin Detmold, West Berlin, Munich, Tokyo (Geidai) and Weimar. From 1988–1991 he was President of the Staatliche Hochschule für Musik und Theater in Munich, where he also taught for decades as a professor. There are numerous radio and television broadcasts with Klaus Schilde as well as CD recordings. Schilde has contributed fingerings to almost 100 Henle Urtext editions.

Prof. Klaus Schilde passed away on 10 December, 2020.



César Franck Prélude, Choral et Fugue
Urtext Edition, paperbound
HN 494

€15.50 available

€15.50 available
Further editions of this title
Ludwig van Beethoven Seven Bagatelles op. 33
Editor: Otto von Irmer
Urtext Edition, paperbound
HN 20

€9.50 available

€9.50 available
Further editions of this title
Joseph Haydn Piano Sonata e minor Hob. XVI:34
Editor: Georg Feder
Urtext Edition, paperbound
HN 1582

€8.00 available

€8.00 available