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Dumky · Piano Trio op. 90


“Dumky” is the plural of “dumka” (meaning ‘thought, memory’). In the 16th century the word was initially used to describe a Ukrainian lament of an elegiac character, and sometime later also to denote an epic Slavic heroic song. Finally, in the 19th century it was used to refer to a purely instrumental composition, characterized by the alternation between melancholic and da... more


About the Composer


Antonín Dvorák

With Smetana he is the most famous Czech composer of the nineteenth century, contributing to the dissemination and appreciation of Czech music throughout the world. Among his around 200 works, encompassing all standard genres, are nine symphonies, fourteen string quartets, and twelve operas.

1841Born in Nelahozeves (Mühlhausen) on the Vltava River on September 8, the son of a butcher and innkeeper.
1853Attends the training school in Zlonice; there he receives a comprehensive musical education from Josef Toman and the cantor Antonín Liehmann; subsequent education in Česká Kamenice (1856–57).
1857–59Studies at the organ school in Prague. Until 1871 he will earn his living as a music teacher, organist, and violist.
1861String Quintet No. 1 in A minor, considered his first work.
1862Position as solo violist in the orchestra of the Bohemian Provisional Theater (conducted by Smetana, among others)
1873Breakthrough with the premiere in Prague of his patriotic hymn “The Heirs of the White Mountain,” Op. 30. Employment at the private Prague School of Music. Several state scholarships.
1874–77Organist at St. Adalbert church.
from 1876“Moravian Duets,” Opp. 20, 29, 32, and 38 (1876–77), “Slavonic Rhapsodies,” Op. 45 and the first series of “Slavonic Dances,” Op. 46 (both from 1878) enjoy great success. His fame abroad grows.
1882Premiere of the opera “Dimitrij”, in the tradition of grand opera.
1884First invitation to England, after which eight more will follow.
1886Premiere of his oratorio “Saint Ludmila,” Op. 71.
1891Professor of composition at the Prague Conservatory.
1891–95Director of the National Conservatory of Music in New York.
1893Premiere in New York of Symphony No. 9, “From the New World,” Op. 95 (American folkloric elements, cyclic techniques).
1901Premiere in Prague of his most famous opera, “Rusalka.”
1904Premiere in Prague of his last opera, “Armida.” Death in Prague on May 1.

© 2003, 2010 Philipp Reclam jun. GmbH & Co. KG, Stuttgart

About the Authors

Andreas Groethuysen (Fingering Piano)

Prof. Andreas Groethuysen, born in 1956 in Munich, studied music with Ludwig Hoffmann in Munich and, on a scholarship from the “Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes”, with Peter Feuchtwanger in London.

After several years as a soloist, Groethuysen formed a piano duo with Yaara Tal, which has now become the focus of his artistic work. The duo regularly performs in many European countries, in Israel, China, North and South America. In exclusive cooperation with SONY CLASSICAL the internationally acclaimed piano duo has released a great many CDs – 28 to date – almost all of which have been awarded prizes.

Henle’s newly researched, pristine edition, complete with the composer’s own metronome markings for Dumky 1–5, contains an extensive preface and critical commentary on variants in the sources.

Strings, 2009

Questa prima edizione è assunta ora a punto di partenza per un’accurata comparazione delle fonti che restituisca integrità al testo musicale originale. A curare per Henle l’autorevole operazione editoriale è Klaus Döge.

Giornale della Musica, 2008

Die Ausgabe ist ein Muss für alle Musiker, welche aus veralteten Editionen spielen, sie ist auch Anregung, den Notentext eines bekannten Stückes zu hinterfragen und eingefleischte Gewohnheiten über Bord zu werfen. Frisches Blut tut gut, vor allem «abgespielten» Stücken.

Schweizer Musikzeitung, 2008

Vorbildlich auch der ausführliche Anmerkungsapparat und ein Kritischer Bericht, der Alternativen aufzeigt und für erhellende Hintergrundinformationen sorgt.

Ensemble, 2007