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8 difficult

About the Composer


Maurice Ravel

Together with Satie and Debussy, Ravel numbers among the innovators who had a falling out with academic education and created their own avant-garde tonal languages – inspired, in Ravel’s case, by Russian and Spanish music, but also by exoticism – without abandoning tonality. This master of orchestration begins with piano works, which he orchestrates; songs with piano and piano compositions exist on an equal footing in orchestral versions.

1875Born in Ciboure on March 7; the family moves to Paris that same year.
1882Lessons in piano, theory, and composition.
1889Beginning of his studies at the Conservatoire de Paris, from which he will never graduate.around 1893 Influence of Chabrier and Satie.
1901“Jeux d’eau” for piano, in a new “Impressionist” tonal language, as is “Miroirs” (1904–05).
1903“Shéhérazade” for voice and piano/orchestral accompaniment with orientalist tonal elements.
1905Scandal surrounding Ravel’s third application for the Prix de Rome.
1907Premiere of the “Histoires naturelles” after Jules Renard provokes astonishment in audiences and critics.
1907–08Rhapsodie espagnole for orchestra.
1908/10“Ma mère l’oye” (“Mother Goose”) for piano, four-hands, as a ballet in 1911.
1911Premiere in Paris of his opera “L’Heure espagnole.”
1911/12“Valses nobles et sentimentales” for piano/orchestra. Premiere of the ballet “Daphnis et Chloé” in 1912.
1914/19“Le tombeau de Couperin” for piano/orchestra anticipates the coming neoclassicism.
from 1920Many concert tours through Europe and the United States.
1925Premiere of his opera “L’Enfant et les sortilèges.”
1928Conferral of an honorary doctorate from Oxford University. “Bolero” for orchestra.
1929–31Piano Concerto in G major with elements of jazz.
1937Death in Paris on December 28.

© 2003, 2010 Philipp Reclam jun. GmbH & Co. KG, Stuttgart

About the Authors

Pascal Rogé (Fingering)

Frank Peter Zimmermann (Fingering and bowing for Violin)

Henle's reputation is second to none and this publication continues its fine tradition.

AUSTA Stringendo, 2015

Una limpida chiarezza grafica, segno distintivo delle edizioni Henle, si accompagna comunque a una grande accuratezza scientifica, la quale si svela nell'attenzione a restaurare anche nei minimi dettagli ciò che, mancante nelle prime edizioni a stampa, è ripristinabile attraverso le fonti autografe della versione orchestrale del pezzo.

Musica+, 2015

Zimmermanns Vorschläge sind in jeder Richtung hervorragend nachvollziehbar und liegen sehr gut »in der Hand«, gerade bei den schnellen Spiccato-Passagen oder wenn es um die Klangfarben der unterschiedlichen Saiten geht. Das Notenbilder der Ausgabe ist hervorragend, gut aufgeteilt und ermöglicht mit guten Wendemöglichkeiten das Werk in Aufführungen auch problemlos nach Noten zu spielen.

ESTA-Nachrichten, 2017