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Difficulty (Explanation)
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Violin Sonata G major
6 medium

About the Composer


Maurice Ravel

Together with Satie and Debussy, Ravel numbers among the innovators who had a falling out with academic education and created their own avant-garde tonal languages – inspired, in Ravel’s case, by Russian and Spanish music, but also by exoticism – without abandoning tonality. This master of orchestration begins with piano works, which he orchestrates; songs with piano and piano compositions exist on an equal footing in orchestral versions.

1875Born in Ciboure on March 7; the family moves to Paris that same year.
1882Lessons in piano, theory, and composition.
1889Beginning of his studies at the Conservatoire de Paris, from which he will never graduate.around 1893 Influence of Chabrier and Satie.
1901“Jeux d’eau” for piano, in a new “Impressionist” tonal language, as is “Miroirs” (1904–05).
1903“Shéhérazade” for voice and piano/orchestral accompaniment with orientalist tonal elements.
1905Scandal surrounding Ravel’s third application for the Prix de Rome.
1907Premiere of the “Histoires naturelles” after Jules Renard provokes astonishment in audiences and critics.
1907–08Rhapsodie espagnole for orchestra.
1908/10“Ma mère l’oye” (“Mother Goose”) for piano, four-hands, as a ballet in 1911.
1911Premiere in Paris of his opera “L’Heure espagnole.”
1911/12“Valses nobles et sentimentales” for piano/orchestra. Premiere of the ballet “Daphnis et Chloé” in 1912.
1914/19“Le tombeau de Couperin” for piano/orchestra anticipates the coming neoclassicism.
from 1920Many concert tours through Europe and the United States.
1925Premiere of his opera “L’Enfant et les sortilèges.”
1928Conferral of an honorary doctorate from Oxford University. “Bolero” for orchestra.
1929–31Piano Concerto in G major with elements of jazz.
1937Death in Paris on December 28.

© 2003, 2010 Philipp Reclam jun. GmbH & Co. KG, Stuttgart

About the Authors


Ulrich Krämer (Editor)

Dr. Ulrich Krämer, born in 1961 in Bielefeld, is Head of the Research Centre at the Arnold Schönberg Complete Edition in Berlin. He read musicology and German in Hamburg and Bloomington and wrote his doctoral thesis under the supervision of Rudolf Stephan on Alban Berg as a pupil of Arnold Schönberg.

In addition to his editorial work, he has been a lecturer at the Hochschule für Musik “Hanns Eisler” and at the Berlin University of the Arts, as well as “Visiting Scholar” at the Graduate Center at the City University New York. Alongside the volumes he has prepared for the Schönberg Complete Edition (including the score of the Gurre Lieder which was awarded the Deutsche Musikeditionspreis), his scholarly publications include editions of Alban Berg’s student compositions and Theodor W. Adorno’s compositions found in his estate, as well as essays and articles on Brahms, Berg, Schönberg, Ravel and Astor Piazzolla.

Pascal Rogé (Fingering)

A supplementary violin part adroitly marked by Christian Tetzlaff with piano fingering by Pascal Rogé complements this fastidious new Henle urtext. (...) Fold-out pages for the last two movements facilitate fluency.

Stings Magazine, 2017