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Difficulty (Explanation)
Other titles of this difficulty
Violoncello Sonata d minor
9 difficult

PREFACE

Debussy’s Sonata for Violoncello and Piano is the first of the three sonatas representing his late style of chamber music. It was written at great speed in July 1915 in the seaside town of Pourville, near Dieppe in Normandy. On 5 August Debussy announced to his publisher, Jacques Durand, that he was about to send a manuscript whose “proportions and almost classical form in... more

CRITICAL COMMENTARY

About the Composer

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Claude Debussy

Most important French composer around 1900, whose music, primarily characterized by its sound, exhibits profound innovations. His oeuvre bears a close relationship to Symbolism.

1862Born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye on August 22.
1872–84Studies at the Conservatoire de Paris. During this time, he travels with the family of Nadezhda von Meck to Switzerland, Italy, Vienna, and Russia, where he becomes acquainted with Russian and Gypsy music.
1884Wins the Prix de Rome with his cantata “L’Enfant prodigue.” Thereafter resides in Rome until 1887.
1887–89Songs, “Cinq Poèmes de Baudelaire.”
1888/89Visit to the Bayreuth Festival; criticism of Wagner.
1889Exposition universelle (World Exposition) in Paris, where he learns about East Asian music, which influences his style.
1890Connection to Mallarmé and his circle.
1891/1903Series of songs, “Fêtes galantes,” after Verlaine.
1891–94Orchestral work “Prélude à l’après-midi d’un faune” (“Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun”) with arabesque-like melodies.
1897–99Nocturnes for orchestra and women’s voices.
1901Beginning of his activity as a music critic.
1902Performance of the opera “Pelléas et Mélisande” after the Symbolist drama by Maeterlinck, which despite criticism spells his breakthrough.
1903–05Orchestral work “La Mer” uses symphonic principles and “Impressionist” tonal language.
1905–07Books one and two of “Images” for piano.
1906–08“Children’s Corner,” children’s pieces for piano.
1909–10/11–1913 Books one and two of the “Préludes” for piano; the programmatic titles of these character pieces, some of which are quite esoteric, are listed at the end of each one.
1913Songs “Trois poèmes de Stéphane Mallarmé.”
1915–17Chamber music sonatas, drawing from the French tradition of the eighteenth century.
1918Death in Paris on March 25.

© 2003, 2010 Philipp Reclam jun. GmbH & Co. KG, Stuttgart

About the Authors

Ernst-Günter Heinemann (Editor)

Dr. Ernst-Günter Heinemann, born in 1945 in Bad Marienberg (Westerwald), completed his schooling in Gießen and read musicology, philosophy and German in Marburg and Frankfurt/Main and also for some time Protestant church music. He did his doctorate on “Franz Liszts geistliche Musik. Zum Konflikt von Kunst und Engagement”.

From 1978–2010 Heinemann worked as an editor at G. Henle Publishers (in 1978 in Duisburg, from 1979 onwards in Munich). He edited a great many Urtext editions for the publishing house, including “Das Wohltemperierte Klavier”, Volume 1 by Bach and all of Debussy’s piano works. In addition, he wrote essays on Debussy, Grieg, Liszt, Mendelssohn and questions concerning general editing, as well as giving seminars on editorial practice for musicology students in Munich.

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Klaus Schilde (Fingering)

Prof. Klaus Schilde, born in 1926, spent his childhood in Dresden. There he was greatly influenced by Walter Engel, who taught him the piano (Kodaly method), composition and violin. From 1946–1948 he studied at the music conservatory in Leipzig with Hugo Steurer. After moving to the west in 1952 he studied with Walter Gieseking and Edwin Fischer, as well as with Marguerite Long, Lucette Descaves and Nadia Boulanger in Paris.

Schilde won numerous prizes. From 1947 onwards he gave concerts as a soloist and chamber musician on almost every single continent with renowned orchestras. He taught at the music conservatories in East Berlin Detmold, West Berlin, Munich, Tokyo (Geidai) and Weimar. From 1988–1991 he was President of the Staatliche Hochschule für Musik und Theater in Munich, where he also taught for decades as a professor. There are numerous radio and television broadcasts with Klaus Schilde as well as CD recordings. Schilde has contributed fingerings to almost 100 Henle Urtext editions.

Prof. Klaus Schilde passed away on 10 December, 2020.

Die nach dem Autograph und der Erstausgabe von Ernst-Günter Heinemann erstellte Urtext-Ausgabe mit den Strichbezeichnungen und Fingersätzen von Reiner Ginzel und Klaus Schilde macht das 1969 bei Peters erschienene und heute vergriffene Werk in einer neuen, übersichtlich und praxisnah gedruckten Form wieder zugänglich.

Das Liebhaberorchester

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