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CONTENU/DÉTAILS

Fantasiestücke pour piano et clarinette op. 73
Zart und mit Ausdruck op. 73,1
Lebhaft, leicht op. 73,2
Rasch und mit Feuer op. 73,3

PRÉFACE

Au dire de Schumann lui-même, 1849 est en matière de composition son année la plus féconde. C’est la dernière année complète qu’il passe à Dresde, où la famille du compositeur s’était établie depuis décembre 1844. Il fuit en mai les rudes combats opposant les insurgés et les troupes saxonnes et prussiennes pour se réfugier à Maxen, puis à Kreischa. Bien que lui-même et Cla... more

CONCERNANT LE COMPOSITEUR

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Robert Schumann

Son œuvre est marquée par le concept de la musique poétique qu’il a lui-même forgé et qui tend à une fusion de la littérature et de la musique. Ses pièces lyriques pour piano composées jusqu’en 1839 en sont tout particulièrement exemplaires. Il s’est ensuite consacré à d’autres genres (lied, symphonie et musique de chambre entre autres).

1810Né à Zwickau le 8 juin, fils d’un libraire.
à partir de 1828Études de droit à Leipzig, cours de piano auprès de Friedrich Wieck. Se décide pour une carrière de musicien.
1830–39Compose exclusivement des œuvres pour piano, surtout des cycles, entre autres: «Papillons» op. 2 (1829-32), «Carnaval» op. 9 (1834/35), «Davidsbündlertänze» op. 6 (1837), «Scènes d’enfants» op. 15 (1837/38), «Kreisleriania» op. 16 (1838), «Novelettes» op. 21 (1838).
1832Une paralysie partielle de la main droite rend impossible une carrière de pianiste. 1833 Fondation de la confrérie imaginaire du «Davidsbund».
1835–44Dirige la Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (Nouveau Journal pour la Musique).
1840Mariage avec Clara Wieck; 138 lieder parmi lesquels le Liederkreis op. 39 sur des poèmes d’Eichendorff, le cycle de lieder «Dichterliebe» op. 48.
18411re Symphonie en Si bémol majeur («Symphonie du Printemps») op. 38 et 4e Symphonie en Ré mineur op. 120.
18423e Quatuor à cordes op. 41; autres œuvres de musique de chambre.
1843Professeur de composition au conservatoire de Leipzig. Oratorio «Le Paradis et la Péri» op. 50.
1845Il s’installe à Dresde. Voyage en Russie.
1845Concerto pour piano en La Mineur op. 54, 2e Symphonie en Ut majeur op. 61.
1850Directeur général de la musique à Düsseldorf. Création à Leipzig de l’opéra «Genoveva» op. 81. Symphonie en Mi bémol majeur («Rhénane») op. 97; concerto pour violoncelle en La mineur op. 129.
1854Naissance d’une amitié avec Brahms. Achèvement des Scènes de Faust. Concerto pour violon en Ré mineur pour Joseph Joachim.
1854Tentative de suicide et hospitalisation à la clinique psychiatrique d’Endenich.
1856Meurt le 29 juillet à Endenich près de Bonn.

© 2003, 2010 Philipp Reclam jun. GmbH & Co. KG, Stuttgart

About the Authors

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Ernst Herttrich (Editeur)

Dr. Ernst Herttrich, born in 1942 in Würzburg, read musicology, history, German and theology at the universities in Würzburg and Cologne. In 1970 he earned his doctorate in Würzburg with a study of the expression of melancholy in the music of Mozart.

From 1970 to 1990 he was an editor at G. Henle Publishers in Munich, after which he was Head of the Beethoven Complete Edition for over 15 years. In 1999 he took over as Head of the Beethoven-Haus Publishers, and from 2001 was made Head of the Beethoven-Archiv, the research centre at the Beethoven-Haus.

He has been a visiting professor at Meiji Gakuin University in Tokyo and has undertaken several lecture tours both there and to Kyoto. His research interests include source studies, editorial techniques and music history. Herttrich’s publications include “Beethoven. Liederkreis an die ferne Geliebte” (Bonn 1999) and “Ludwig van Beethoven. Biographie in Bildern” (Bonn, 2000). Herttrich has edited over 100 Urtext editions for G. Henle Publishers.

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Hans-Martin Theopold (Doigtés)

Prof. Hans-Martin Theopold, was born to a pastor’s family in Detmold on 22 April 1904, the youngest of five children. Even as a child he often played the organ in the “Marktkirche” and soon began to take piano lessons with Theodor Vehmeier. At the age of 17 he made his debut at the Landestheater in Detmold with Ludwig van Beethoven’s Piano Concerto in C major under Friedrich Quast (Herford). Following the successful completion of his schooling at the Gymnasium Leopoldinum in Detmold, he went on to study music and piano (main subject): from 1922–23 at the “Württembergische Hochschule für Musik” in Stuttgart (with Max Pauer, 1866–1945) and then from 1923–1928 at the “Staatliche Akademische Hochschule für Musik” in Berlin-Charlottenburg (with Richard Rössler, 1880–1962, and Waldemar Lütschg, 1877–1948). After completing his piano studies (graduating with “very good”) in 1928, he began an active solo career both at home and abroad (USA, Switzerland, Scandinavia, the Baltic states, the Balkans). As a member of the Chamber Music Association of the State Opera in Berlin (from 1933) he also gave countless chamber music concerts, including ones with his violin partner Gustav Havemann (1882–1960).

In the 1930s, audiences and the press alike raved about Theopold’s extraordinary gifts as a pianist: “This young player has it in him to soon become one of the best players in Germany. A superior technique, a wonderful singing piano tone, the strength of a Titan, but not at all hard due to the incomparably gentle elasticity of his touch” [Münchener Zeitung, 21 November 1933]. – “H.M. Theopold gave convincing proof of his splendid pianistic ability in an extremely gripping sonata with a modern idiom by Alban Berg, but predominantly in Schubert’s […] Wanderer Fantasy, which he played with a polished technique and creative power” [Weser-Zeitung, 21 December 1932]. Theopold was awarded several prizes, including the “Grotrian-Steinweg-Preis” in 1928.

In 1937 Theopold became a teacher for the piano (main subject) at the “Bayerisches Staatskonservatorium der Musik” in Würzburg. In 1939 he married Irene Tatjana Wülfing, who was from Moscow. From 1943 he became head of the piano master-class at the “Nordische Musikschule” in Bremen, although this was interrupted by the events of the war. Following his return from a prisoner of war camp, Theopold gave concerts and taught although he did not hold a permanent position. From 1955–1956 he was acting head of the piano master-class at the “Bergisches Landeskonservatorium” in Wuppertal, finally being appointed Professor for Piano on 1 April 1956 at the “Staatliches Institut für Schul- und Volksmusik” in Detmold, later at the “Nordwestdeutsche Musikakademie Detmold” (today “Hochschule für Musik Detmold”), where he taught for decades. On 30 September 1969 he retired. “His students extol his pedagogical gifts. […] Humour, charm, helpfulness and kind-heartedness moderate the strictness of his professional ethos as a musician and teacher” (Lippische Rundschau, 23 April 1969; see also: Lippische Landeszeitung 22 April 1969 on the occasion of Theopold’s 65. birthday: “Prof. Theopold, a modest but at the same time energetic man, is an enthusiastic teacher”). Theopold died in Detmold in 2000.

Contact with Günter Henle was established directly after the publishing house was founded, when Theopold thanked the publishers with great enthusiasm for its first Urtext editions. His extensive correspondence with the publishing house was bequeathed to the Lippische Landesbibliothek in 2014 to ensure its long-term accessibility to the public. The letters testify not only to Theopold’s great interest in musical sources and text questions but also to his initial strict refusal (!) of fingerings in text-critical editions such as these: “For fingerings are and remain something individual no matter what their quality” (letter to Günter Henle from 26 May 1949 {publishing house archives}). Günter Henle was not, however, to be swayed and stressed the necessity of fingerings in his Urtext editions: “It is better to publish the Urtext […] with fingerings that are not necessary for a few individuals, or that might even, I admit, be considered irritating here and there” (letter to Hans-Martin Theopold of 17 September 1953).

It was only in 1955 that Theopold accepted Günter Henle’s offer of contributing fingerings for an Urtext edition that was in the process of being prepared by way of trial. (HN 74, Schubert, Complete Dances for Piano, Volume 1). Following this, Theopold was commissioned to write the fingerings for nearly all of the publishing house’s new editions in quick succession. Günter Henle, himself a good pianist, greatly valued Theopold’s fingerings, and also the many suggestions regarding the musical text in question. In addition, Theopold was always very reliable, thorough and conscientious – something that is not unimportant with editorial work!

Thus to date Hans-Martin Theopold has provided the fingerings for the greatest number of Henle Urtext editions by far – 226 editions (!) in total.

We would like to thank Mrs Margot Theopold and the Hochschule für Musik in Detmold for their great support in providing biographical material.

G. Henle Verlag

Come è già risaputo le edizioni Henle di Monaco danno la più grande affidabilità dal punto di vita filologico …

I Fiati, 2007

But then, why would you trouble … when for only a little more you could have the Henle Urtext reissue of the Fantasiestücke, with parts for both A and B clarinet as well as the piano part, plus scholarly notes? Henle doesn’t skimp on the paper, either, spreading out the print to facilitate reading.

Music Teacher, 2006

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