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Autres titres du même degré de difficulté
Sonate pour piano Sol majeur WO 14
5 moyen

PRÉFACE

Muzio Clementi (1752–1832) écrivit sa Sonate en Sol majeur (WO 14) à l’âge de seize ans. Il était déjà à cette époque un pianiste exercé. Cette œuvre de jeunesse fait apparaître l’influence évidente de divers modèles, en particulier celle de Domenico Scarlatti. Sur le plan technique, elle n’est pas aussi exigeante que la plupart de ses sonates plus tardives, dont certaines... more

CONCERNANT LE COMPOSITEUR

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Muzio Clementi

Compositeur, pianiste, facteur de pianos et éditeur de musique originaire d’Italie. Ses volumes pour le piano, et surtout les Exercices du Gradus ad Parnassum op. 44 ont conservé jusqu’à nos jours une place exceptionnelle dans l’enseignement du piano. En tant de facteur de pianos il a contribué au perfectionnement du pianoforte. Son activité d’éditeur a notamment contribué à la diffusion de la musique pour clavier de Johann Sebastian Bach et a permis de redécouvrir d’autres compositeurs de l’ère baroque. La plupart de ses compositions sont destinées au piano, mais aussi à l’orchestre et à la musique de chambre.

1752Né le 23 janvier à Rome, il prend ses premières leçons de musique auprès d’Antonio Boroni, entre autres.
à partir de 1766Il est engagé pour 8 mois comme organiste à l’église San Lorenzo à Damaso. Il entre ensuite en tant que musicien au service de l’aristocrate Peter Beckford à Steepleton Iwerne, résidence de campagne de ce dernier, dans le Sud de l’Angleterre.
à partir de 1775Une intense activité de concerts l’entraîne à s’établir à Londres en tant que pianiste virtuose.
à partir de 1780Une assez longue tournée de concerts le conduit notamment à Paris et à Vienne où il cherche à se faire connaître à la cour.
1781Le 24 décembre il participe à un concours de virtuosité organisé par l’empereur Joseph II où il rivalise avec Mozart.
à partir de 1785Il est Principal Composer du Hanover Square Grand Professional Concerts à Londres.
à partir de 1802Un voyage d’affaires de huit ans en tant qu’éditeur et facteur de pianos le conduit à travers toute l’Europe. Ce faisant, ses élèves, dont John Field, présentent ses instruments à clavier.
1813–24Il est directeur de la Royal Philharmonic Society à Londres.
1814Le 7 décembre il devient membre de l’Académie royale de musique de Suède.
1832Il meurt le 10 mars à Evesham (Worcestershire).

About the Authors

Sonja Gerlach (Editeur)

Sonja Gerlach was born in Hannover in 1936. She did a secondary school teaching degree (Staatsexamen) in music and mathematics in Berlin. From 1965 to 1999 she was a research associate and editor at the Joseph Haydn-Institut in Cologne. In addition to her work as an editor and researcher she addressed questions concerning the chronology of Haydn’s symphonies. She is also very interested in problems of ascertaining authenticity of works in Haydn’s different genres.

In 2000 she retired and moved to Munich where she now lives.

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Hans-Martin Theopold (Doigtés)

Prof. Hans-Martin Theopold, was born to a pastor’s family in Detmold on 22 April 1904, the youngest of five children. Even as a child he often played the organ in the “Marktkirche” and soon began to take piano lessons with Theodor Vehmeier. At the age of 17 he made his debut at the Landestheater in Detmold with Ludwig van Beethoven’s Piano Concerto in C major under Friedrich Quast (Herford). Following the successful completion of his schooling at the Gymnasium Leopoldinum in Detmold, he went on to study music and piano (main subject): from 1922–23 at the “Württembergische Hochschule für Musik” in Stuttgart (with Max Pauer, 1866–1945) and then from 1923–1928 at the “Staatliche Akademische Hochschule für Musik” in Berlin-Charlottenburg (with Richard Rössler, 1880–1962, and Waldemar Lütschg, 1877–1948). After completing his piano studies (graduating with “very good”) in 1928, he began an active solo career both at home and abroad (USA, Switzerland, Scandinavia, the Baltic states, the Balkans). As a member of the Chamber Music Association of the State Opera in Berlin (from 1933) he also gave countless chamber music concerts, including ones with his violin partner Gustav Havemann (1882–1960).

In the 1930s, audiences and the press alike raved about Theopold’s extraordinary gifts as a pianist: “This young player has it in him to soon become one of the best players in Germany. A superior technique, a wonderful singing piano tone, the strength of a Titan, but not at all hard due to the incomparably gentle elasticity of his touch” [Münchener Zeitung, 21 November 1933]. – “H.M. Theopold gave convincing proof of his splendid pianistic ability in an extremely gripping sonata with a modern idiom by Alban Berg, but predominantly in Schubert’s […] Wanderer Fantasy, which he played with a polished technique and creative power” [Weser-Zeitung, 21 December 1932]. Theopold was awarded several prizes, including the “Grotrian-Steinweg-Preis” in 1928.

In 1937 Theopold became a teacher for the piano (main subject) at the “Bayerisches Staatskonservatorium der Musik” in Würzburg. In 1939 he married Irene Tatjana Wülfing, who was from Moscow. From 1943 he became head of the piano master-class at the “Nordische Musikschule” in Bremen, although this was interrupted by the events of the war. Following his return from a prisoner of war camp, Theopold gave concerts and taught although he did not hold a permanent position. From 1955–1956 he was acting head of the piano master-class at the “Bergisches Landeskonservatorium” in Wuppertal, finally being appointed Professor for Piano on 1 April 1956 at the “Staatliches Institut für Schul- und Volksmusik” in Detmold, later at the “Nordwestdeutsche Musikakademie Detmold” (today “Hochschule für Musik Detmold”), where he taught for decades. On 30 September 1969 he retired. “His students extol his pedagogical gifts. […] Humour, charm, helpfulness and kind-heartedness moderate the strictness of his professional ethos as a musician and teacher” (Lippische Rundschau, 23 April 1969; see also: Lippische Landeszeitung 22 April 1969 on the occasion of Theopold’s 65. birthday: “Prof. Theopold, a modest but at the same time energetic man, is an enthusiastic teacher”). Theopold died in Detmold in 2000.

Contact with Günter Henle was established directly after the publishing house was founded, when Theopold thanked the publishers with great enthusiasm for its first Urtext editions. His extensive correspondence with the publishing house was bequeathed to the Lippische Landesbibliothek in 2014 to ensure its long-term accessibility to the public. The letters testify not only to Theopold’s great interest in musical sources and text questions but also to his initial strict refusal (!) of fingerings in text-critical editions such as these: “For fingerings are and remain something individual no matter what their quality” (letter to Günter Henle from 26 May 1949 {publishing house archives}). Günter Henle was not, however, to be swayed and stressed the necessity of fingerings in his Urtext editions: “It is better to publish the Urtext […] with fingerings that are not necessary for a few individuals, or that might even, I admit, be considered irritating here and there” (letter to Hans-Martin Theopold of 17 September 1953).

It was only in 1955 that Theopold accepted Günter Henle’s offer of contributing fingerings for an Urtext edition that was in the process of being prepared by way of trial. (HN 74, Schubert, Complete Dances for Piano, Volume 1). Following this, Theopold was commissioned to write the fingerings for nearly all of the publishing house’s new editions in quick succession. Günter Henle, himself a good pianist, greatly valued Theopold’s fingerings, and also the many suggestions regarding the musical text in question. In addition, Theopold was always very reliable, thorough and conscientious – something that is not unimportant with editorial work!

Thus to date Hans-Martin Theopold has provided the fingerings for the greatest number of Henle Urtext editions by far – 226 editions (!) in total.

We would like to thank Mrs Margot Theopold and the Hochschule für Musik in Detmold for their great support in providing biographical material.

G. Henle Verlag

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