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CONTENU/DÉTAILS

Degré de difficulté (Explanation)
Autres titres du même degré de difficulté
Variations sur un thème de Haendel op. 24
9 difficile

PRÉFACE

Le thème utilisé par Brahms pour ses variations op. 24 était une aria du 2ème volume des Suites de pièces pour le clavecin de Georg Friedrich Haendel (J. Walsh, Londres, 1733; avec cinq variations). Le premier manuscrit de l’œuvre, daté de septembre 1861, porte la dédicace Variationen für eine liebe Freundin (Variations pour une amie chère). Le compositeur dédiait son œuvr... more

CONCERNANT LE COMPOSITEUR

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Johannes Brahms

Son œuvre considérable comprend de la musique de chambre, des œuvres pour piano, de nombreuses compositions pour chœur et des lieder (parmi lesquels des compositions sur des textes de chants populaires) ainsi que les grandes pages orchestrales des années 1870 et 80. Ses compositions sont marquées par le procédé de la variation à développement. Il passe à la fois pour avoir été aux antipodes de la Nouvelle École allemande animée par Liszt et le représentant de la «musique absolue».

1833Né le 7 mai à Hambourg en tant que fils d’un musicien. À l’âge de 7 ans il prend ses premières leçons de piano chez Willibald Cossel, puis chez Eduard Marxen. Premières auditions publiques à partir de 1843.
1853Lors d’une tournée de concerts dans les villes allemandes, il fait la connaissance de Schumann qui, dans son article «Neue Bahnen» (Nouvelles voies) l’annonce comme le grand compositeur à venir. Il noue avec Clara Schumann une profonde amitié qui tiendra toute sa vie.
1854–571er Concerto pour piano en Ré mineur op. 15.
1857–59Chef de chœur, pianiste et enseignant à la cour princière de Detmold.
1859–61Direction du chœur de femmes de Hambourg.
1860Manifeste contre les «Nouveaux Allemands» autour de Liszt.
1863Cantate «Rinaldo» op. 50.
1863Directeur de l’Académie de chant de Vienne.
1868Exécution partielle du «Requiem allemand» op. 45 à Vienne (création de l’œuvre intégrale en 1869 à Leipzig).
1871–74Directeur artistique de la Société des Amis de la Musique à Vienne.
1873Variations sur un thème de Haydn op. 56a pour orchestre.
à partir de 1877Son œuvre symphonique débute par la 1re Symphonie en Ut mineur op. 68 (commencée en 1862), composition de la 2e Symphonie en Ré majeur op. 73 (1877), 3e Symphonie en Fa majeur op. 90 (1883), 4e Symphonie en Mi mineur op. 98 (1884-1885): thèmes expressifs, style de type musique de chambre.
à partir de 1878Voyages en Italie.
1878Concerto pour violon en Ré majeur op. 77 pour Joseph Joachim.
18812e Concerto pour piano en Si bémol majeur op. 83 avec Scherzo.
1886Président d’honneur du Tonkünstlerverein de Vienne.
1897Vier ernste Gesänge (Quatre chants sérieux) op. 121. Meurt le 3 avril à Vienne.

© 2003, 2010 Philipp Reclam jun. GmbH & Co. KG, Stuttgart

About the Authors

Sonja Gerlach (Editeur)

Sonja Gerlach was born in Hannover in 1936. She did a secondary school teaching degree (Staatsexamen) in music and mathematics in Berlin. From 1965 to 1999 she was a research associate and editor at the Joseph Haydn-Institut in Cologne. In addition to her work as an editor and researcher she addressed questions concerning the chronology of Haydn’s symphonies. She is also very interested in problems of ascertaining authenticity of works in Haydn’s different genres.

In 2000 she retired and moved to Munich where she now lives.

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Hans-Martin Theopold (Doigtés)

Prof. Hans-Martin Theopold, was born to a pastor’s family in Detmold on 22 April 1904, the youngest of five children. Even as a child he often played the organ in the “Marktkirche” and soon began to take piano lessons with Theodor Vehmeier. At the age of 17 he made his debut at the Landestheater in Detmold with Ludwig van Beethoven’s Piano Concerto in C major under Friedrich Quast (Herford). Following the successful completion of his schooling at the Gymnasium Leopoldinum in Detmold, he went on to study music and piano (main subject): from 1922–23 at the “Württembergische Hochschule für Musik” in Stuttgart (with Max Pauer, 1866–1945) and then from 1923–1928 at the “Staatliche Akademische Hochschule für Musik” in Berlin-Charlottenburg (with Richard Rössler, 1880–1962, and Waldemar Lütschg, 1877–1948). After completing his piano studies (graduating with “very good”) in 1928, he began an active solo career both at home and abroad (USA, Switzerland, Scandinavia, the Baltic states, the Balkans). As a member of the Chamber Music Association of the State Opera in Berlin (from 1933) he also gave countless chamber music concerts, including ones with his violin partner Gustav Havemann (1882–1960).

In the 1930s, audiences and the press alike raved about Theopold’s extraordinary gifts as a pianist: “This young player has it in him to soon become one of the best players in Germany. A superior technique, a wonderful singing piano tone, the strength of a Titan, but not at all hard due to the incomparably gentle elasticity of his touch” [Münchener Zeitung, 21 November 1933]. – “H.M. Theopold gave convincing proof of his splendid pianistic ability in an extremely gripping sonata with a modern idiom by Alban Berg, but predominantly in Schubert’s […] Wanderer Fantasy, which he played with a polished technique and creative power” [Weser-Zeitung, 21 December 1932]. Theopold was awarded several prizes, including the “Grotrian-Steinweg-Preis” in 1928.

In 1937 Theopold became a teacher for the piano (main subject) at the “Bayerisches Staatskonservatorium der Musik” in Würzburg. In 1939 he married Irene Tatjana Wülfing, who was from Moscow. From 1943 he became head of the piano master-class at the “Nordische Musikschule” in Bremen, although this was interrupted by the events of the war. Following his return from a prisoner of war camp, Theopold gave concerts and taught although he did not hold a permanent position. From 1955–1956 he was acting head of the piano master-class at the “Bergisches Landeskonservatorium” in Wuppertal, finally being appointed Professor for Piano on 1 April 1956 at the “Staatliches Institut für Schul- und Volksmusik” in Detmold, later at the “Nordwestdeutsche Musikakademie Detmold” (today “Hochschule für Musik Detmold”), where he taught for decades. On 30 September 1969 he retired. “His students extol his pedagogical gifts. […] Humour, charm, helpfulness and kind-heartedness moderate the strictness of his professional ethos as a musician and teacher” (Lippische Rundschau, 23 April 1969; see also: Lippische Landeszeitung 22 April 1969 on the occasion of Theopold’s 65. birthday: “Prof. Theopold, a modest but at the same time energetic man, is an enthusiastic teacher”). Theopold died in Detmold in 2000.

Contact with Günter Henle was established directly after the publishing house was founded, when Theopold thanked the publishers with great enthusiasm for its first Urtext editions. His extensive correspondence with the publishing house was bequeathed to the Lippische Landesbibliothek in 2014 to ensure its long-term accessibility to the public. The letters testify not only to Theopold’s great interest in musical sources and text questions but also to his initial strict refusal (!) of fingerings in text-critical editions such as these: “For fingerings are and remain something individual no matter what their quality” (letter to Günter Henle from 26 May 1949 {publishing house archives}). Günter Henle was not, however, to be swayed and stressed the necessity of fingerings in his Urtext editions: “It is better to publish the Urtext […] with fingerings that are not necessary for a few individuals, or that might even, I admit, be considered irritating here and there” (letter to Hans-Martin Theopold of 17 September 1953).

It was only in 1955 that Theopold accepted Günter Henle’s offer of contributing fingerings for an Urtext edition that was in the process of being prepared by way of trial. (HN 74, Schubert, Complete Dances for Piano, Volume 1). Following this, Theopold was commissioned to write the fingerings for nearly all of the publishing house’s new editions in quick succession. Günter Henle, himself a good pianist, greatly valued Theopold’s fingerings, and also the many suggestions regarding the musical text in question. In addition, Theopold was always very reliable, thorough and conscientious – something that is not unimportant with editorial work!

Thus to date Hans-Martin Theopold has provided the fingerings for the greatest number of Henle Urtext editions by far – 226 editions (!) in total.

We would like to thank Mrs Margot Theopold and the Hochschule für Musik in Detmold for their great support in providing biographical material.

G. Henle Verlag