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March of the Bluebirds
6 medium

About the Composer

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Leos Janácek

He is regarded today as one of the classic opera composers of the twentieth century, whose oeuvre renounces the opera of the nineteenth century to feature music-dramatic realism. He was well known earlier for his choir, chamber, and orchestral works and his collections of folk songs.

1854Born in Hukvaldy (Moravia) on July 3, the son of a teacher and cantor.
1866Chorister at the Augustinian abbey in Brno; music lessons with Pavel Křížkovský, attends the German primary school.
1869–72Education at the Slavic Teacher’s Institute, then teacher and choir director in Brno.
1874–75Studies at the Prague organ school.
1877Suite for Strings.
1879–80Studies at the Leipzig Conservatory and in 1880 at the Vienna Conservatory, composes instrumental works.
1881Founds an organ school in Brno, which he directs himself.
1884–88Reviews of opera performances at the newly opened theater in Brno.
1887Beginning of his first operatic composition, “Šárka.”
1890/1899/1901Publication of folksong collections.
1904Premiere in Brno of the opera “Jenůfa,” which brings him great acclaim and is his most important opera; it treats the problem of the freedom of the individual within the confines of a village community and is regarded as a work of realism.
after 1905He primarily composes operas drawn from the model of “Jenůfa”: in 1903–07 “Osud” (Fate), “The Excursions of Mr. Brouček” (1908–1920), “Káťa Kabanová” (1920–1921), “The Cunning Little Vixen” (1922–1924), “The Makropulos Case” (1923–1925), “From the House of the Dead” (1927/28) in Brno.
1926Sinfonietta; Concertino for piano, two violins, viola, clarinet, French horn, and bassoon; sketches for the violin concerto “The Wandering of a Poor Soul.”
1928Death in Moravská Ostrava (Moravian Ostrava) on August 12.

© 2003, 2010 Philipp Reclam jun. GmbH & Co. KG, Stuttgart

About the Authors

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Klaus Schilde (Fingering)

Prof. Klaus Schilde, born in 1926, spent his childhood in Dresden. There he was greatly influenced by Walter Engel, who taught him the piano (Kodaly method), composition and violin. From 1946–1948 he studied at the music conservatory in Leipzig with Hugo Steurer. After moving to the west in 1952 he studied with Walter Gieseking and Edwin Fischer, as well as with Marguerite Long, Lucette Descaves and Nadia Boulanger in Paris.

Schilde won numerous prizes. From 1947 onwards he gave concerts as a soloist and chamber musician on almost every single continent with renowned orchestras. He taught at the music conservatories in East Berlin Detmold, West Berlin, Munich, Tokyo (Geidai) and Weimar. From 1988–1991 he was President of the Staatliche Hochschule für Musik und Theater in Munich, where he also taught for decades as a professor. There are numerous radio and television broadcasts with Klaus Schilde as well as CD recordings. Schilde has contributed fingerings to almost 100 Henle Urtext editions.

Prof. Klaus Schilde passed away on 10 December, 2020.

Das Stück eignet sich deshalb z.B. für den Piccolo-Unterricht an den Hochschulen und könnte so eine größere Verbreitung erreichen. Dafür bietet die neue Ausgabe durch die sorgfältige Revision und die bewährt hohe grafische Qualität des Henle-Verlages die besten Voraussetzungen.

Tibia, 2017

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