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Difficulty (Explanation)
Other titles of this difficulty
Rigoletto - Concert Paraphrase
9 difficult

PREFACE

Opera paraphrases occupied an important place in the work of almost all 19th-century virtuosi, including Franz Liszt (1811–86), who contributed around 70 works to the genre. During his touring and virtuoso years, from 1824 to 1847, he chiefly wrote these for his own concerts, while after his retirement as a pianist from public musical life he composed them mainly for piano... more

CRITICAL COMMENTARY

About the Composer

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Franz Liszt

The most famous piano virtuoso of the nineteenth century is regarded as the most influential artist and composer (with Berlioz, Wagner) of the so-called New German School. His immense musical oeuvre comprises, above all else, works for solo piano, including numerous transcriptions; he also devised the symphonic poem. Important, too, are his sacred and secular choral works and songs.

1811Born in Doborján/Raiding (Sopron) on October 22, son of an official in the service of Prince Esterházy. First piano lessons from his father, early first attempts at composition, first public performance at age nine.
1822Relocation of the family to Vienna, studies with Carl Czerny and Antonio Salieri.
1823Relocation of the family to Paris. Composition studies with Ferdinando Paër and Antonín Reicha (1826). Performances in salons, concerts.
1824–27Concert tours through France, to England and Switzerland. Composition of opera paraphrases for piano.
1830Acquaintance with Berlioz, self-study by reading. He becomes Parisian society’sfavourite pianist and piano teacher.
1835He moves to Switzerland with Countess Marie d’Agoult: their first child together, Blandine-Rachel, is born here. He continues concertizing in Paris.
from 1839Continuous concert tours throughout Europe.
from 1847Symphonic poems, including No. 2, “Tasso: lamento e trionfo”; No. 1, “Ce qu‘on entend sur la montagne” (‘Bergsymphonie,’ ‘Mountain Symphony’); “A Faust Symphony in Three Character Pictures”; “A Symphony to Dante’s Divine Comedy” (‘Dante Symphony’); as well as [No. 11], “Hunnenschlacht” (“Battle of the Huns”).
1848–61Kapellmeister in Weimar; he advocates for progressive music (Wagner, Schumann, Berlioz).
1857–62Oratorio, “The Legend of St. Elisabeth.”
1861–68Resident in Rome.
1865Takes minor holy orders.
1866–72Oratorio, “Christus.”
1871Appointed Hungarian court councilor; he lives in Rome, Weimar, and Budapest.
1886Death in Bayreuth on July 31.

© 2003, 2010 Philipp Reclam jun. GmbH & Co. KG, Stuttgart

About the Authors

 

Marc-André Hamelin (Fingering)

Henle here continues its superb rebranding of Liszt works, familiar and less so, providing a wealth of excellent background information as well as lucidity, elegance and practicality. ... It is extremely useful here to have creative yet practical fingering for the extended quasi cadenza flourishes by none other than Marc-André Hamelin. This is quite a coup for Henle, and indeed the edition is well worth purchasing for Hamelin's input alone.

Piano International, 2011

De uitgave van Henle is zonder meer ideaal. De virtuoze omspelingen zijn in een kleiner notenbeeld gestoken dan de vocale partijen. Dat biedt direct een (visueel) inzicht in de structuur van de compositie.

Piano Wereld, 2011

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