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Difficulty (Explanation)
Other titles of this difficulty
Gymnopédie no. 1
2 easy
Gymnopédie no. 2
2 easy
Gymnopédie no. 3
2 easy

About the Composer

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Erik Satie

Avant-garde composer in Paris around 1900 with an extremely unique oeuvre.

1866Born in Honfleur on May 17.
1874Organ lessons and introduction to Gregorian chant, which will have a marked effect on his creative work: “Quatre Ogives” for piano (1886) and “Messe des Pauvres” for organ (1895).
1879–87Studies at the Conservatoire de Paris.
from 1887In Montmartre he makes his living variously as musical director of the shadow theater at the Chat Noir and as a pianist at the Auberge du Clou. He adopts the musical language of the music hall and the cabaret: e.g. “Trois morceaux en forme de poire” (“Three Pieces in the Shape of a Pear”) for piano, four-hands (1903).1888/89
Beginnings of the first “Gymnopédies” and “Gnossiennes” for piano.1891–92
He joins the eccentric circle of the “Ordre de la Rose-Croix Catholique du Temple et du Graal” around Sâr Péladan and composes avant-garde music for it: “Le Fils des étoiles” (incidental music) with stacks of fourths, “Trois Sonneries de la Rose + Croix.”1893
“Vexations” for piano, which is to be repeated 840 times.1905–08
Studies at the Schola Cantorum in Paris to improve his compositional technique.1911
Ravel’s performances of his compositions bring Satie recognition as a composer.from 1912
New compositional phase: piano pieces whose underlaid texts are to be read aloud to further thwart the musical process (alienation of patterns): “Véritables préludes flasques (pour un chien)” (“True Flabby Preludes for a Dog,” 1912), “Descriptions automatiques” (1913), “Sports & Divertissements” (1914), “Sonatine bureaucratique” (1917).1916/17
Ballet “Parade” with Cocteau and Picasso.1917/18
“Socrate (drame symphonique)”, one of the primary works of neoclassicism.1925

© 2003, 2010 Philipp Reclam jun. GmbH & Co. KG, Stuttgart

About the Authors

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Ulrich Krämer (Editor)

Dr. Ulrich Krämer, born in 1961 in Bielefeld, is Head of the Research Centre at the Arnold Schönberg Complete Edition in Berlin. He read musicology and German in Hamburg and Bloomington and wrote his doctoral thesis under the supervision of Rudolf Stephan on Alban Berg as a pupil of Arnold Schönberg.

In addition to his editorial work, he has been a lecturer at the Hochschule für Musik “Hanns Eisler” and at the Berlin University of the Arts, as well as “Visiting Scholar” at the Graduate Center at the City University New York. Alongside the volumes he has prepared for the Schönberg Complete Edition (including the score of the Gurre Lieder which was awarded the Deutsche Musikeditionspreis), his scholarly publications include editions of Alban Berg’s student compositions and Theodor W. Adorno’s compositions found in his estate, as well as essays and articles on Brahms, Berg, Schönberg, Ravel and Astor Piazzolla.

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