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Variations concertantes op. 17
4 中級
Song without Words op. 109
3 初級
Album Leaf (First Edition)
3 初級

序文

Felix Mendelssohn’s Variations concertantes, op. 17, is the first in his series of compositions for cello and piano. It is dedicated to his cello-playing brother Paul, being in fact that only piece in his entire oeuvre with a dedication to a relative. The piece was finished at the beginning of 1829, as we learn from the date on the autograph score (“Berlin, Jan. 30th, 1829... 続き

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Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy

A German composer, conductor, pianist, and organist who already numbered among the most important composers in Europe during his lifetime. While still young he found a unique tonal language. Reflected in his oeuvre, which spans all genres, are the contradictory tendencies of the age – Classicism and Romanticism. His endeavors over the course his life to perform the works of Johann Sebastian Bach led to a “rediscovery” of that composer which continues unabated. His intensive engagement with Bach and his counterpoint influenced his own compositional technique.

1809Born into a wealthy banker’s family in Hamburg on February 3. Escape to Berlin with his parents in 1811. First musical instruction from his mother.
1819He becomes a pupil of Carl Friedrich Zelter.
1820Joins the Sing-Akademie in Berlin.
1821–23Twelve sinfonias for strings.
1825String Octet in E-flat major, Op. 20.
1826Overture to “A Midsummer Night’s Dream,” Op. 21
1827Begins studies at the University of Berlin.
1829Revival of Bach’s St. Matthew Passion in Berlin on March 11 and 21. Travels to England and Scotland.
1829–30“Reformation” Symphony in D minor, [Op. 107], with inclusion of the choral “Ein feste Burg“ (A Mighty Fortress Is Our God.)
1830–32Extended travels, including to Italy and France. Piano Concerto in G minor, Op. 25; Overture in B minor, Op. 26, “The Hebrides, or Fingal’s Cave” (1829–30).
1833Music director in Düsseldorf. “Italian” Symphony in A major, Op. 90 (1830–33).
1835Director of the Gewandhaus concerts in Leipzig.
1836Premiere in Düsseldorf of his oratorio “St. Paul: Oratorio on Words of the Holy Bible,” Op. 36.
1838-44Violin Concerto in E minor, Op. 64.
1840Composition of “Hymn of Praise, a Symphony-Cantata on Words of the Holy Bible,” Op. 52.
1841Berlin, in the service of the Prussian king. “Variations sérieuses” in D minor, Op. 54, for piano.
1842Completion of Symphony No. 3 (“Scottish”) in A minor, Op. 56, with a songlike opening.
1843Incidental music to Shakespeare’s “A Midsummer Night’s Dream,” Op. 61. Director of the newly founded Leipzig Conservatory.
1846Premiere of his oratorio “Elijah,” Op. 70, in Birmingham.
1847String Quartet in F minor, [Op. 80]. Death in Leipzig on November 4.

© 2003, 2010 Philipp Reclam jun. GmbH & Co. KG, Stuttgart

校訂者や運指担当者について

Ernst-Günter Heinemann (校訂)

Dr. Ernst-Günter Heinemann, born in 1945 in Bad Marienberg (Westerwald), completed his schooling in Gießen and read musicology, philosophy and German in Marburg and Frankfurt/Main and also for some time Protestant church music. He did his doctorate on “Franz Liszts geistliche Musik. Zum Konflikt von Kunst und Engagement”.

From 1978–2010 Heinemann worked as an editor at G. Henle Publishers (in 1978 in Duisburg, from 1979 onwards in Munich). He edited a great many Urtext editions for the publishing house, including “Das Wohltemperierte Klavier”, Volume 1 by Bach and all of Debussy’s piano works. In addition, he wrote essays on Debussy, Grieg, Liszt, Mendelssohn and questions concerning general editing, as well as giving seminars on editorial practice for musicology students in Munich.

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Klaus Schilde (運指)

Prof. Klaus Schilde, born in 1926, spent his childhood in Dresden. There he was greatly influenced by Walter Engel, who taught him the piano (Kodaly method), composition and violin. From 1946–1948 he studied at the music conservatory in Leipzig with Hugo Steurer. After moving to the west in 1952 he studied with Walter Gieseking and Edwin Fischer, as well as with Marguerite Long, Lucette Descaves and Nadia Boulanger in Paris.

Schilde won numerous prizes. From 1947 onwards he gave concerts as a soloist and chamber musician on almost every single continent with renowned orchestras. He taught at the music conservatories in East Berlin Detmold, West Berlin, Munich, Tokyo (Geidai) and Weimar. From 1988–1991 he was President of the Staatliche Hochschule für Musik und Theater in Munich, where he also taught for decades as a professor. There are numerous radio and television broadcasts with Klaus Schilde as well as CD recordings. Schilde has contributed fingerings to almost 100 Henle Urtext editions.

Prof. Klaus Schilde passed away on 10 December, 2020.

Claus Kanngiesser (チェロの運指とボーイング)

Die sehr sorgfältig editierte Ausgabe ist mit ausführlichen Bemerkungen versehen und klärt alle Lesearten und Fragen leicht verständlich und übersichtlich. Sie beruft sich kompetent auf alle auffindbaren zeitgenössischen Quellen.

SMZ, 2003

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